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  • ISSN 1006-3080
  • CN 31-1691/TQ

基于共词分析的航空发动机系统失效案例研究

邓姝娟 王卫泽 张英 张成成 涂善东

邓姝娟, 王卫泽, 张英, 张成成, 涂善东. 基于共词分析的航空发动机系统失效案例研究[J]. 华东理工大学学报(自然科学版). doi: 10.14135/j.cnki.1006-3080.20200824002
引用本文: 邓姝娟, 王卫泽, 张英, 张成成, 涂善东. 基于共词分析的航空发动机系统失效案例研究[J]. 华东理工大学学报(自然科学版). doi: 10.14135/j.cnki.1006-3080.20200824002
DENG Shujuan, WANG Weize, ZHANG Ying, ZHANG Chengcheng, TU Shantung. Case Study of Aeroengine System Failure Based on Co-Word Analysis[J]. Journal of East China University of Science and Technology. doi: 10.14135/j.cnki.1006-3080.20200824002
Citation: DENG Shujuan, WANG Weize, ZHANG Ying, ZHANG Chengcheng, TU Shantung. Case Study of Aeroengine System Failure Based on Co-Word Analysis[J]. Journal of East China University of Science and Technology. doi: 10.14135/j.cnki.1006-3080.20200824002

基于共词分析的航空发动机系统失效案例研究

doi: 10.14135/j.cnki.1006-3080.20200824002
基金项目: 上海市科委资助项目(16DZ2260604)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    邓姝娟(1998—),女,湖北人,硕士生,主要研究方向为失效分析与表面结构完整性。E-mail:470648008@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    王卫泽,E-mail:wangwz@ecust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: G353.1

Case Study of Aeroengine System Failure Based on Co-Word Analysis

  • 摘要: 航空发动机是多学科交叉、多组件耦合的复杂系统,其工况复杂,一旦发生故障便会造成灾难性后果。采用共词分析法将航空发动机系统失效领域内的关键词加以分类,归纳出了主要的失效形式并实现了结果可视化。研究发现考虑自相关性后的聚类分析效果更佳,且对于不同失效机理的研究更加具体和准确。对于服役过程中的常见故障,结合聚类分析结果和多维尺度分析图可以更快速地采取检查手段进行失效分析,有效避免类似事件的再次发生。

     

  • 图  1  叶盘类因子分析碎石图

    Figure  1.  Scree plot of factor analysis of blade and wheel disc

    图  2  叶盘失效分析的聚类树状图

    Figure  2.  Dendrogram of failure analysis of blade and wheel disc

    图  3  未考虑自相关性的叶盘聚类树状图

    Figure  3.  Dendrogram of blade and wheel disc without considering autocorrelation

    图  4  叶盘失效关键词的MDS分析图

    Figure  4.  MDS analysis chart of failure keywords of blade and wheel disc

    图  5  机械传动系统失效关键词的MDS分析图

    Figure  5.  MDS analysis chart of failure keywords of mechanical transmission system

    图  6  其他附件失效关键词的MDS分析图

    Figure  6.  MDS analysis chart of failure keywords of other accessory equipment

    表  1  叶盘失效相似矩阵(部分)

    Table  1.   Similar matrix of blade and wheel disc failure (Part)

    KeywordCosine value
    BladeFractureCreepCrackFatigueSelective oxidation
    Blade1.00000.98420.80240.98980.99020.8410
    Fracture0.98421.00000.79650.96800.98890.8146
    Creep0.80240.79651.00000.79480.80180.6909
    Crack0.98980.96800.79481.00000.98530.8227
    Fatigue0.99020.98890.80180.98531.00000.8146
    Selective oxidation0.84100.81460.69090.82270.81461.0000
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  叶盘失效相异矩阵(部分)

    Table  2.   Dissimilar matrix of blade and wheel disc failure (Part)

    KeywordCosine value
    BladeFractureCreepCrackFatigueSelective oxidation
    Blade00.01580.19760.01020.00980.1590
    Fracture0.015800.20350.03200.01110.1854
    Creep0.19760.203500.20520.19820.3091
    Crack0.01020.0320.205200.01470.1773
    Fatigue0.00980.01110.19820.014700.1854
    Selective oxidation0.15900.18540.30910.17730.18540
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  叶盘失效关键词

    Table  3.   Failure keywords of blade and wheel disc

    NumberKeywordNumberKeywordNumberKeyword
    A01BladeA16Cyclic alternating loadA31Recrystallization
    A02FractureA17Coating sheddingA32Surface damage
    A03CreepA18High temperatureA33Low cycle fatigue
    A04CrackA19Etch pitA34Fretting wear
    A05FatigueA20Forging defectA35Incorrect mounting
    A06Selective oxidationA21Machining markA36Exciting force
    A07Foreign body impactA22FrictionA37High-low cycle complex fatigue
    A08Hole defectA23OverloadA38Overtemperature and oversintering
    A09Stress concentrationA24Improper manufacturing processA39Resonance
    A10VibrationA25BlisterA40Bending vibration
    A11High cycle fatigueA26Excessive blade bendingA41Oxidation defect
    A12Poor processing qualityA27Thermal corrosionA42Structural degradation
    A13Material defectA28Thermal damageA43Abnormal microstructure
    A14Pit corrosionA29Carbide
    A15CorrosionA30Coating degradation
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  机械传动系统失效关键词

    Table  4.   Failure keywords of mechanical transmission system

    NumberKeywordNumberKeywordNumberKeyword
    B01ShaftB16Cyclic loadB31Bengding and torsional fatigue
    B02Bearing cageB17FrictionB32Insufficient lubrication
    B03BearingB18Pit corrosionB33Rotating bending fatigue
    B04Bearing ballB19Spalling damageB34Fretting wear
    B05Rivet of bearing cageB20Machining markB35Abnormal bending load
    B06FractureB21Irregular designB36Skidding damage
    B07CrackB22Foreign body impactB37Torsional fatigue
    B08Stress concentrationB23OverloadB38Resonance
    B09FatigueB24Electric arc damageB39Inappropriate fit clearances
    B10AbrasionB25Incorrect mountingB40Abrasive contamination
    B11Improper material selectionB26Abnormal axial loadB41Improper heat treatment
    B12Improper manufacturing or maintenance processB27Forging defectB42Governor idle gear
    B13Material inclusionB28High temperature damageB43Transfer and bevel gear
    B14Surface contact fatigueB29Overheating and overheatingB44Clutch gear
    B15High contact stressB30High cycle fatigueB45Improper case hardening
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  其他附件失效关键词

    Table  5.   Failure keywords of other accessory equipment

    NumberKeywordNumberKeywordNumberKeyword
    C01CylinderC17Hydraulic actuatorC33Kink
    C02Cylinder headC18Cited trachea clampC34Surface damage
    C03Auxiliary power supply inlet valveC19Engine actuating cylinderC35Stress corrosion
    C04Combustor linerC20Tappet bodyC36Shear failure
    C05Hydraulic pressure lineC21Afterburner fuel manifoldC37Overload
    C06Exhaust system pipelineC22CrackC38Abrasion
    C07Bleed valve clamp boltC23FractureC39Corrosion
    C08Wheel disc connecting pinC24Material defectC40Explosion failure
    C09Fuel lineC25FatigueC41Poor quality of the roll welding seam
    C10Combustion chamber shellC26Improper manufacturing or production processC42Unqualified welding process
    C11Combustion control system adapterC27High cycle fatigueC43Pit corrosion
    C12Air radiatorC28Stress concentrationC44Impurity residue in molding process
    C13ReedC29High temperatureC45Foreign object damage
    C14Oil pipelineC30VibrationC46Machining mark
    C15Corrugated pipeC31Oxidation
    C16Gas cylinder conduitC32Thermal fatigue
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  叶盘类因子分析总方差解释表

    Table  6.   Explanatory table of total variance of factor analysis of blade and wheel disc

    Component numberVariance of initial
    eigenvalue
    Variance of extraction sums of
    squared loadings
    Rotation sums of
    squared loadings
    TotalPercentage/%Cumulative/%TotalPercentage/%Cumulative/%TotalPercentage/%Cumulative/%
    123.55454.77654.77623.55454.77654.77614.33133.32833.328
    25.36312.47167.2475.36312.47167.2476.19314.40247.730
    33.2857.63974.8863.2857.63974.8865.51912.83560.564
    41.9824.60979.4951.9824.60979.4953.6108.39568.960
    51.5883.69383.1881.5883.69383.1883.4117.93276.892
    61.5063.50386.6911.5063.50386.6913.0096.99783.889
    71.2782.97289.6631.2782.97289.6632.3385.43789.326
    80.8271.92491.5860.8271.92491.5860.9722.26091.586
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  机械传动系统因子分析总方差解释表

    Table  7.   Explanatory table of total variance of factor analysis of mechanical transmission system

    Component numberVariance of initial
    eigenvalue
    Variance of extraction sums of
    squared loadings
    Rotation sums of
    squared loadings
    TotalPercentage/%Cumulative/%TotalPercentage/%Cumulative/%TotalPercentage/%Cumulative/%
    113.98431.07531.07513.98431.07531.0759.91122.02522.025
    212.58627.96959.04412.58627.96959.0445.56912.37534.400
    35.00111.11270.1575.00111.11270.1575.34911.88646.286
    42.9106.46776.6242.9106.46776.6244.90510.89957.185
    52.3745.27681.9002.3745.27681.9004.83710.75067.935
    61.7983.99685.8961.7983.99685.8964.3039.56377.498
    71.3953.10188.9971.3953.10188.9973.3367.41484.913
    81.1462.54691.5421.1462.54691.5422.9836.63091.542
    90.9912.20393.7450.9912.20393.7452.8296.28690.325
    100.6271.39495.1390.6271.39495.1392.0094.46594.790
    110.4671.03796.1760.4671.03796.1760.6241.38696.176
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  其他附件因子分析总方差解释表

    Table  8.   Explanatory table of total variance of factor analysis of other accessory equipment

    Component numberVariance of initial
    eigenvalue
    Variance of extraction sums of
    squared loadings
    Rotation sums of
    squared loadings
    TotalPercentage/%Cumulative/%TotalPercentage/%Cumulative/%TotalPercentage/%Cumulative/%
    119.67042.76242.76219.67042.76242.7629.62420.92220.922
    25.18111.26454.0255.18111.26454.0254.63010.06630.988
    34.0858.88062.9064.0858.88062.9064.3449.44340.432
    43.2477.05869.9643.2477.05869.9643.9828.65749.089
    53.1146.76976.7333.1146.76976.7333.5927.81056.898
    62.0314.41481.1472.0314.41481.1473.4177.42964.327
    71.9074.14585.2921.9074.14585.2923.1196.78171.109
    81.3853.01088.3021.3853.01088.3023.0416.61277.720
    91.0902.37090.6721.0902.37090.6722.6525.76483.485
    100.7701.67492.3450.7701.67492.3452.4845.40088.885
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  9  叶盘类因子分析总方差解释表(未考虑自相关性)

    Table  9.   Explanatory table of total variance of factor analysis of blade and wheel disc(without considering autocorrelation)

    Component numberVariance of initial
    eigenvalue
    Variance of extraction sums of
    squared loadings
    Rotation sums of
    squared loadings
    TotalPercentage/%Cumulative/%TotalPercentage/%Cumulative/%TotalPercentage/%Cumulative/%
    127.29463.47563.47527.29463.47563.47521.93251.00451.004
    25.66113.16576.6405.66113.16576.6405.51112.81763.821
    33.0137.00883.6483.0137.00883.6484.53010.53474.355
    41.8184.22787.8751.8184.22787.8753.3247.72982.085
    51.2612.93290.8071.2612.93290.8071.7354.03586.120
    60.9212.14292.9490.9212.14292.9491.5743.66089.779
    70.7311.70094.6490.7311.70094.6491.5453.59393.373
    80.4831.12395.7720.4831.12395.7720.8612.00395.375
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-08-24
  • 网络出版日期:  2020-12-16

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