• ISSN 1006-3080
• CN 31-1691/TQ

 引用本文: 许聪, 刘琪麟, 赖焕新. 亚音速喷流出口扰动对湍流与声场模拟的影响[J]. 华东理工大学学报（自然科学版）.
XU Cong, LIU Qilin, LAI Huanxin. Effects of Flow Forcing on Simulation of Subsonic Turbulent Jet Flow and Noise[J]. Journal of East China University of Science and Technology. doi: 10.14135/j.cnki.1006-3080.20200603001
 Citation: XU Cong, LIU Qilin, LAI Huanxin. Effects of Flow Forcing on Simulation of Subsonic Turbulent Jet Flow and Noise[J]. Journal of East China University of Science and Technology.

• 中图分类号: V211

## Effects of Flow Forcing on Simulation of Subsonic Turbulent Jet Flow and Noise

• 摘要: 采用大涡模拟方法计算出口马赫数Ma=0.75、雷诺数ReD=8.7×105的圆口喷射流动，研究本文改进的来流多模态线性不稳定扰动和涡环扰动对促成转捩、湍流特性以及远声场结果的影响。研究结果表明，与来流无扰动的情况相比，两种扰动方式均有利于破坏喷口环状涡的周向稳定性，从而加速剪切层转捩，逼近实际喷口的湍流状态；且多模态线性不稳定扰动工况的喷口速度脉动水平高于涡环扰动下的喷流，能更早地触发转捩。从远声场的结果来看，两种扰动方法有效地减少了计算模型中因转捩和涡配对而导致的低频噪声误差，从而吻合实验数据。

• 图  1  计算域及测点示意图

Figure  1.  Computational domain and measuring point positions

图  2  中心线速度轴向分布

Figure  2.  Axial velocity along centerline

图  3  轴向速度径向分布.图中从左至右位置x/Dj分别为1, 2.5和5. 线形含义同图2

Figure  3.  Radial profiles of axial velocity at x/Dj=1, 2.5 and 5. Legends are the same as in Fig.2

图  4  剪切层半值宽

Figure  4.  Jet half width

图  5  xy平面涡量分布

Figure  5.  Instantaneous vorticity magnitude in the planes xy

图  6  x/Dj=2截面涡量分布

Figure  6.  Instantaneous vorticity magnitudein the planes x/Dj=2

图  7  tUj/Dj=350时刻Q判据等值面

Figure  7.  Iso-surface of Q-criterion at non-dimensional time tUj/Dj =350

图  8  中心线上脉动速度分布

Figure  8.  Fluctuating velocity along jet centerline

图  9  脉动速度径向分布. 图中从左至右位置x/Dj分别为1, 2.5和5.线形含义同图8

Figure  9.  Radial profiles of fluctuating velocity at x/Dj=1, 2.5 and 5. Legends are the same as in Fig.8

图  10  唇线上脉动速度分布

Figure  10.  Fluctuating velocity along jet lipline

图  11  唇线上轴向脉动频谱

Figure  11.  PSD of axial velocity fluctuation along jet lipline

图  12  唇线上径向脉动频谱

Figure  12.  PSD of radial velocity fluctuation along jet lipline

图  13  r=30Dj测点总声压级

Figure  13.  Far-field OASPL at r=30Dj

图  14  r=50Dj测点总声压级.线型含义同图13

Figure  14.  Far-field OASPL at r=50Dj. Legends are the same as in Fig.13

图  15  r=30Dj测点总声压级

Figure  15.  Far-field acoustic spectra at r=30Dj

图  16  r=50Dj测点总声压级.线型含义同图15

Figure  16.  Far-field acoustic spectra at r=50 Dj. Legends are the same as in Fig.15

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##### 出版历程
• 收稿日期:  2020-06-03
• 网络出版日期:  2020-12-16

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