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    • 图  1  (a)聚集诱导发光机理示意图[3];(b)振动诱导发光机理示意图[4]

      Figure 1.  Mechanism illustration of (a) AIE[3] and (b) VIE[4]

    • 图  2  (a)DPAC分子的化学结构;(b)DPAC分子的单晶结构;(c)DPAC分子在固体和溶液状态下的荧光发射光谱[4]

      Figure 2.  (a) Chemical structure of DPAC; (b) Crystal structure of DPAC; (c) Stacked fluorescence emission spectra of DPAC in solid and solution[4]

    • 图  3  N,N′-二取代-二氢二苯并[a,c]吩嗪类化合物发光机理图[7]   

      Figure 3.  Emission mechanism of N,N′-dihydrodibenzo[a,c]phenazine derivatives[7]

    • 图  4  VIE分子的双荧光发射及DPAC-AB与BSC4的主-客体相互作用示意图[21]

      Figure 4.  Dual fluorescence emission of VIE molecule and host-guest interaction between DPAC-AB and BSC4[21]

    • 图  5  VIE衍生物的化学结构及其发光二羧酸盐超分子金属环[22]

      Figure 5.  Chemical structure of VIE derivative and its supramolecular, luminescent dicarboxylate metal cycles[22]

    • 图  6  (a)M1的化学结构;(b)M1在不同溶剂中的荧光发射;(c)M1在H2O/THF溶液中的荧光发射[6]

      Figure 6.  (a) Chemical structure of M1; (b) Fluorescence emission of M1 in different solvents; (c) Fluorescence emission of M1 in a mixed solution of H2O and THF[6]

    • 图  7  (a)FIPAC的化学结构;(b)不同温度下FIPAC的荧光照片[32]

      Figure 7.  (a) Chemical structure of FIPAC; (b) Fluorescence images of FIPAC at different temperatures[32]

    • 图  8  (a)基于VIE机制的比率式温度计工作原理示意图;(b)DPC、DPSi-1和DPSi-2的化学结构[33]

      Figure 8.  (a) Principle diagram of a ratiometric thermometer based on VIE mechanism; (b) Chemical structures of DPC, DPSi-1 and DPSi-2[33]

    • 图  9  DBPST用于检测Hg2+示意图[39]

      Figure 9.  Schematic diagram depicting the fluorescence ratiometric detection of Hg2+ with DBPST[39]

    • 图  10  6a6b用于Hg2+和Ag+检测示意图[40]

      Figure 10.  Schematic diagram depicting the fluorescence ratiometric detection of Hg2+ and Ag+ with 6a and 6b, respectively[40]

    • 图  11  (a)VN和VR的化学结构;(b)VN分子的双荧光发射(蓝色和红色)示意图;(c)VN用于Aβ比率式荧光检测示意图[46]

      Figure 11.  (a) Chemical structure of VN and VR; (b) Schematic diagram showing the dual-fluorescence emission (blue and red) of VN; (c) Schematic diagram depicting the fluorescence ratiometric detection of Aβ with VN[46]

    • 图  12  DPAC-CHOL用于示踪凝胶过程的示意图[55]

      Figure 12.  Schematic diagram depicting the use of DPAC-CHOL for tracing of a gelation process[55]

    • 图  13  二氢吩嗪衍生物用于细胞膜成像示意图[60]

      Figure 13.  Schematic diagram of dihydrophenazine derivatives for imaging of cell membrane[60]