图共 7个 表共 8
    • 图  FIG. 379.  FIG. 379.

      Figure FIG. 379..  FIG. 379.

    • 图  1  三七活性成分随隔板温度的变化曲线

      Figure 1.  Curve of the active constituent of Panax notoginseng varying with the clapboard temperature

    • 图  2  三七活性成分随真空压强的变化曲线

      Figure 2.  Curve of active constituent of Panax notoginseng varying with vacuum pressure

    • 图  3  不同水平条件对PNS质量分数的影响

      Figure 3.  Effect of different level conditions on the mass content of PNS

    • 图  4  不同水平条件对三七素质量分数的影响

      Figure 4.  Effects of different level conditions on the mass content of Dencichine

    • 图  5  总体满意度D响应面图

      Figure 5.  Response surface graph of overall desirability D

    • 图  6  不同干燥方式下的三七样品SEM图(100 kPa)

      Figure 6.  SEM diagrams of Panax notoginseng samples dried in different ways (100 kPa)

    • LevelFactors
      Clapboard temperature/℃
      A
      Vacuum pressure/Pa
      B
      −1.04538
      05543
      1.06548

      表 1  中心组合设计因素与水平

      Table 1.  Central composite design factor and level

    • Parameter${y_{i{\rm l} } }$${y_{i{\rm h} } }$Wi
      PNS6.510.10.7
      Dencichine1.01.90.3

      表 2  冻干三七的考察指标和最低期望响应值、最高期望响应值及权重值

      Table 2.  Investigation index, minimum expected response value, maximum expected response value and weighted value of freeze-drying panax notoginseng

    • Slice thickness/mmw (PNS)/%w (Dencichine)/%
      38.428±0.6741.735±0.014
      59.084±0.4871.872±0.001
      75.147±0.3421.651±0.010
      96.725±0.1811.864±0.022

      表 3  切片厚度对三七主要成分的影响

      Table 3.  Influence of slice thickness on the main constituent of Panax notoginseng

    • NumberABT1/%T2/%D
      1009.6251.7013.866
      2119.3871.6253.086
      3009.3521.7673.830
      4009.5061.7774.141
      5009.5411.7624.111
      60−1.414 218.3021.3210.852
      7−1−17.0421.4540.333
      8009.7021.7584.723
      9−117.9661.1970.402
      1001.414 219.1351.7393.335
      11−1.414 2106.7971.3850.149
      121.414 2109.6321.1590.784
      131−110.0661.0260.145

      表 4  CCD试验设计及结果

      Table 4.  Experimental design and results of CCD design

    • SourceSum of squaresdfMean squareFPSignificance
      Model13.1952.6474.86< 0.000 1Significant
      A-PRE8.9318.93253.57< 0.000 1
      B-TEM0.253 110.253 17.180.031 5
      AB0.642 410.642 418.230.003 7
      A22.7412.7477.91< 0.000 1
      B20.984 310.984 327.940.001 1
      Residual0.246 670.035 2
      Lack of fit0.176 830.058 93.380.135 3Not significant
      Pure error0.069 840.017 5
      Cor total13.4312
      df—Degree of freedom

      表 5  T1回归模型方差分析

      Table 5.  Variance analysis of T1 regression model

    • SourceSum of squaresdfMean squareFPSignificance
      Model0.901 650.180 329.720.000 1Significant
      A-PRE0.012 810.012 82.100.190 1Not significant
      B-TEM0.108 810.108 817.940.003 9Significant
      AB0.182 810.182 830.120.000 9Significant
      A20.515 010.515 084.88< 0.000 1Significant
      B20.142 910.142 923.550.001 8Significant
      Residual0.042 570.006 1
      Lack of fit0.031 930.010 64.040.105 5Not significant
      Pure error0.010 540.002 6
      Cor total0.944 112

      表 6  T2回归模型方差分析

      Table 6.  Variance analysis of T2 regression model

    • SourceSum of squaresdfMean squareFPSignificance
      Model35.0357.0199.49< 0.000 1Significant
      A-PRE1.3011.3018.440.003 6
      B-TEM4.9714.9770.58< 0.000 1
      AB2.0212.0228.720.001 1
      A222.70122.70322.38< 0.000 1
      B26.8316.8397.01< 0.000 1
      Residual0.492 970.070 4
      Lack of fit0.425 430.141 88.410.033 5Not significant
      Pure error0.067 540.016 9
      Cor total35.5212

      表 7  以总满意度D为响应值的回归方程方差分析

      Table 7.  Variance analysis of regression with overall desirability D as response value

    • DealBrightnessRed-green valueYellow-blue valueChromatism
      FS46.22±0.83**12.26±0.4735.50±1.77
      HD49.52±2.2213.82±1.6715.68±0.49**20.28±0.74
      RTD51.26±0.5310.46±1.49**18.72±0.7917.66±0.95**
      FD55.92±0.44*14.66±0.7417.00±0.98**21.04±0.93
      *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01

      表 8  不同干燥方式下的样品色度分析

      Table 8.  Chromaticity analysis samples under different drying methods